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valency



Definition   Capacity of a word to combine with a specific number and type of complements. E.g. the verb "schenken" requires a subject (the giver), an accusative object (the gift) and a dative object (the recipient). Valency is a capacity primarily of verbs, but also of certain adjectives (e.g. jemandem böse sein) and some nouns (e.g. die Hoffnung auf etwas).

 
Synonym   valence

 
Full equivalent   Valenz (German)

 
Related concepts   absolute verb
relative verb
complement

 
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