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Possessive pronouns and determiners

Rule | Stem+Ending | Fully inflected
 
The possessive pronouns and determiners mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser and euer express possession in the narrow sense of the word (property) and in the broad sense of the word (connection, attachment, assignment).

Choice of the possessive pronoun   mein, dein, sein, etc.
Inflection mein, meinen, meinem, etc.


Choice of the possessive pronoun

The choice of the possessive pronoun depends on the person, the number and – in the 3rd person singular – the gender of the "possessor". The 1st person refers to the speaker/writer, the 2nd person to the listener/reader, and the 3rd person to the one who is spoken about (see Personal pronouns, Function). The "polite form" is the 3rd person plural Ihr.

Personal
pronoun  
Possessive
pronoun 
ich mein
du dein
er sein
es sein
sie ihr
wir unser
ihr euer
sie ihr
Sie Ihr

Table of the possessive pronouns:

  1st Person 2nd Person
3rd Person
Masculine Neuter Feminine
Singular mein dein sein sein ihr
Plural unser euer
ihr

  Polite form
Singular Ihr
Plural Ihr


Inflection

Possessive determiner:

Possessive pronouns can be used as determiners before a noun:

Mein Wagen ist schneller als dein Wagen.
Ihr Auto ist schneller als euer Auto.
Wir leihen euch
unsere Bücher.

 
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Neuter
Feminine
Masc./Neut./Fem.
Stem Ending Stem Ending Stem Ending Stem Ending
Nominative Stem - Stem - Stem e Stem e
Accusative en - e e
Dative em em er en
Genitive es es er er

Substitute for a noun, without article:

Possessive pronouns can be used as substitutes for nouns. When these substitutes are used without an article, the nominative masculine singular form takes the ending –er, and the nominative and accusative neuter singular forms take the ending –es.

Meiner ist schneller als deiner.
Ihres ist schneller als eures.
Wir leihen euch
unsere.

 
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Neuter
Feminine
Masc./Neut./Fem.
Stem Ending Stem Ending Stem Ending Stem Ending
Nominative Stem er Stem es Stem e Stem e
Accusative en es e e
Dative em em er en
Genitive es es er er

Substitute for a noun, with article:

Possessive pronouns can be used as substitutes for nouns. When these substitutes are accompanied by a definite article, they are inflected like adjectives (cf. Adjectives, Weak inflection):

Der meine ist schneller als der deine
Der ihre ist schneller als der eure.
Wir leihen euch die
unseren.

 
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Neuter
Feminine
Masc./Neut./Fem.
Article Stem Ending Article Stem Ending Article Stem Ending Article Stem Ending
Nominative der
Stem
e das
Stem
e die
Stem
e die
Stem
en
Accusative den en das e die e die en
Dative dem en dem en der en den en
Genitive des en des en der en der en

Often, the forms in –ig are used after the definite article:

Der meinige ist schneller als der deinige. See Possessive pronouns in –ig.
Das ihrige ist schneller als das eurige.
Wir leihen euch die unsrigen.    

Features: Inflection of adjectives after possessive determiners:

After a possessive determiner adjectives take the endings of the mixed inflection. See Mixed inflection.







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