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Imperative

Rule | Stem+Ending | Fully inflected
 
The forms of the imperative are formed in the same way for both regular and irregular verbs (exceptions see Features below).

Imperative
Person Stem TM Ending
Singular sag
-
(e)
Plural t

The imperative is formed by adding the singular ending e and the plural ending t, respectively, to the present stem without tense-mood signal.

Features:
  • Varying e:
    The singular ending e can be dropped in most cases. Exceptions:

    Always with e with verbs whose stem ends in a plosive or a fricative + m or n (cf. e-addition)

    atme!, rechne!, widme!, wappne!

    Usually with e with verbs whose stem ends in d or t:

    rede!, lade!, rette!, verbiete!
    rarely also: red!, verbiet!

    Always without e with verbs with e/i-change in the present tense (cf. e/i-change)

    lies!, iss!, wirf!
  • Polite form:
    The imperative has only two forms: the 2nd person singular and the 2nd person plural. The polite form of the imperative is formed with the 3rd person plural of the subjunctive followed by the pronoun Sie:

    Gehen Sie!
    Kommen Sie!
    Seien Sie still!
    Hören Sie auf!
    Seien Sie still und kommen Sie mit!

Function

See Imperative.





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