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Imperative

Rule | Stem+Ending | Fully inflected
 
The forms of the imperative are formed in the same way for both regular and irregular verbs (exceptions see Features below).

Imperative
Person
Verb
Singular sage!
sag!
Plural sagt!

The imperative is formed by adding the singular ending e and the plural ending t, respectively, to the present stem without tense-mood signal.

Features:
  • Varying e:
    The singular ending e can be dropped in most cases. Exceptions:

    Always with e with verbs whose stem ends in a plosive or a fricative + m or n (cf. e-addition)

    atme!, rechne!, widme!, wappne!

    Usually with e with verbs whose stem ends in d or t:

    rede!, lade!, rette!, verbiete!
    rarely also: red!, verbiet!

    Always without e with verbs with e/i-change in the present tense (cf. e/i-change)

    lies!, iss!, wirf!
  • Polite form:
    The imperative has only two forms: the 2nd person singular and the 2nd person plural. The polite form of the imperative is formed with the 3rd person plural of the subjunctive followed by the pronoun Sie:

    Gehen Sie!
    Kommen Sie!
    Seien Sie still!
    Hören Sie auf!
    Seien Sie still und kommen Sie mit!

Function

See Imperative.





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