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Complex tenses

The word forms of the complex tenses – the analytical word forms – do not consist of a single word, but of a combination of an auxiliary verb and a main verb.

The auxiliaries haben or sein are used to form:

Past perfect

The choice of the auxiliary depends on the main verb. Whether a verb takes haben or sein is stated for each verb individually in the dictionary. See also Perfect with haben or with sein.

The auxiliary werden is used to form:

Future I
Future II

The tenses of the


are also complex tenses.

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