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Irregular preterite

Rule | Stem+Ending | Fully inflected
 
Preterite
Indicative
Subjunctive II
Person Stem TM Ending Person Stem TM Ending
ich preterite stem
-
- ich preterite stem,
if possible
with umlaut
e
-
du st du st
er/sie/es - er/sie/es -
wir en wir n
ihr t ihr t
sie en sie n

Preterite indicative

The irregular forms of the preterite indicative are composed of the preterite stem (past stem) and the person endings of the preterite.

Features:

Subjunctive II

In the formation of the irregular forms of the subjunctive II the preterite stem is umlauted whenever possible. It is combined with the tense-mood signal e and the person endings of the preterite.

Features:

Mixed conjugation

The verbs denken and bringen form the forms of the preterite with the irregular preterite stem and the endings of the regular conjugation.

In the indicative the verbs brennen, kennen, nennen, rennen, senden, and wenden combine the irregular preterite stem with the endings of the regular conjugation.
The subjunctive II is formed regularly with the present stem. 

Function

See Preterite.





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