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The preterite of modal verbs

Rule | Stem+Ending | Fully inflected
 
Preterite
Indicative
Subjunctive II
Person Stem TM Ending Person Stem TM Ending
ich preterite stem  te - ich preterite stem,
if possible
with umlaut
te -
du st du st
er/sie/es - er/sie/es -
wir n wir n
ihr t ihr t
sie n sie n

The preterite forms are composed of the preterite stem and the endings of the regular verbs. Except for sollen and wollen the preterite stem is different from the present stem and the stem vowel is umlauted in the subjunctive II.

Present infinitive Preterite indicative Subjunctive II
dürfen durfte dürfte
können konnte könnte
mögen mochte möchte
müssen musste müsste
wissen wusste wüsste
but
sollen sollte sollte
wollen wollte wollte



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