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Adjective (phrase) as noun attribute

 
 
When an adjective qualifies a noun, it is an attribute of the noun. The adjective and the noun (whether or not in combination with other extensions) form a noun phrase.

der fleißige Schüler
ein
schnelles Auto
seine
niedrigen Tarife
frisches Wasser

Adjective phrase

The adjective can also be the head of an adjective phrase:

der überaus fleißige Schüler
ein
nicht allzu schnelles Auto
seine
im Vergleich zu anderen Anbietern niedrigen Tarife
aus der Quelle geschöpftes frisches Wasser

Position

The adjective is usually placed before the noun. If possible, it is inflected. See Adjective, Attributive use. There are only a few exceptions in fixed expressions such as:

Forelle blau, Wodka pur, Johann Strauß senior

Cardinal numbers that are used as ordinal numbers are also placed after the noun:

Kapitel drei (= das dritte Kapitel).

More than one adjective (or participle) in a noun phrase

When a noun phrase contains more than one adjective (or participle), they can relate in different ways to the head noun.

Er hat hohe, gefütterte Schuhe gekauft.
Er hat hohe gefütterte Schuhe gekauft.

See Coordination and subordination in adjective and participle phrases.






Regional Variants







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