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The interjection

Words like the following are called interjections:

aha, ätsch, au, nanu, pfui, sapperlott, uff, ...

Interjections are words that are uttered as an abrupt remark. They are not grammatically integrated in sentence or clause.

Pfui, lass das liegen!
Endlich Ferien,
Und sie gab ihm –
klatsch – eine Ohrfeige.

Expressing emotions

Interjections are used to express an emotion of the speaker and/or to attract the attention of the listener. For example:

regret: auweh, oje
disgust: äks, igitt, pfui
joy: heißa, hurra, juchhe
pain: au, aua, autsch
astonishment: nanu, hm, donnerlittchen

Interjections like ach, ah, hm can express different emotions depending on how they are pronounced.

Onomatopoeic words

Words that imitate human, animal or other sounds are interjections as well:

hatschi, hick, haha, hihi
kikeriki, miau, muh, wau
boing, klacks, klingeling, peng


In our classification, greetings are interjections as well:

hallo, grüezi, tschüs, ciao, servus, prost, chin-chin

Words belonging to other word classes:

Often, words belonging to other word classes are used as interjections:

Seufz! Ächz! Stöhn!

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