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Grammatical gender

 
 
Grammatical gender is much more important in German morphology and syntax than natural gender. The agreement in gender between nouns and other elements in a sentence is always based on grammatical gender. See Natural gender and grammatical gender.

There is not always a direct relation between grammatical gender and natural gender:
  • The grammatical gender of nouns referring to persons or animals is often – but not always – identical with the natural gender (see Natural gender).
  • Other nouns do not have a natural gender.
Therefore, it is very often impossible to predict the grammatical gender of a noun.

 The gender of a noun must be explicitly indicated and has to be learned together with it. 

Usually, the definite article is used to indicate the gender of a noun:

masculine:   der Tisch
feminine: die Lampe
neuter: das Bett

In a few cases, however, the meaning or the form of a noun allows to predict its grammatical gender:

Nouns referring to persons, animal names 
Some other semantic groups
Form
 
Nouns with more than one gender, see:
Gender variants
Foreign words, see also:
Gender of foreign words







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