Canoo Logo
Powered by Canoo Logo
case sensitive ss instead of ß
| Dictionaries | Word Grammar | Wordformation | Sentence Grammar | Spelling (D) | Glossary | Index |  
| Overview | Noun | Verb | Adjective | Pronoun | Adverb | Article | Preposition | Conjunction | Interjection |

Grammatical gender

Grammatical gender is much more important in German morphology and syntax than natural gender. The agreement in gender between nouns and other elements in a sentence is always based on grammatical gender. See Natural gender and grammatical gender.

There is not always a direct relation between grammatical gender and natural gender:
  • The grammatical gender of nouns referring to persons or animals is often – but not always – identical with the natural gender (see Natural gender).
  • Other nouns do not have a natural gender.
Therefore, it is very often impossible to predict the grammatical gender of a noun.

 The gender of a noun must be explicitly indicated and has to be learned together with it. 

Usually, the definite article is used to indicate the gender of a noun:

masculine:   der Tisch
feminine: die Lampe
neuter: das Bett

In a few cases, however, the meaning or the form of a noun allows to predict its grammatical gender:

Nouns referring to persons, animal names 
Some other semantic groups
Nouns with more than one gender, see:
Gender variants
Foreign words, see also:
Gender of foreign words

Copyright © 2000-2019 Canoo Engineering AG, Kirschgartenstr. 5, CH-4051 Basel. All rights reserved.
Related terms dictionary: Copyright © 1996, 1997, 2011 by University of Tübingen.
Terms of use/Data protection | Contact
canoonet fürs iPhone
canoonet - FindIT Die semantische Suche für Unternehmen