Canoo Logo
case sensitive ss instead of ß
IMPORTANT: Please note that due to a name change, this site will be accessible via today onwards
| Dictionaries | Word Grammar | Wordformation | Sentence Grammar | Spelling (D) | Glossary | Index |  
| Overview | Noun | Verb | Adjective | Pronoun | Adverb | Article | Preposition | Conjunction | Interjection |

Finite and non-finite verb forms

Finite verb forms have a specific person and number.
Non-finite verb forms do not have person and number.

Finite verb forms

Finite verb forms express the grammatical categories mood, tense and voice, as well as person an number:

Person: 1st person, 2nd person 3rd person
Number singular, plural
Mood: indicative, subjunctive, imperative
Tense: present, preterite, perfect, past perfect, future I, future II 
Voice: active, passive

Example of a finite verb form:

(du) gingst   Person 2nd person 
Number  singular
Mood indicative
Tense preterite
Voice active

A clause needs a finite verb form to be complete. The finite verb form is the predicate of the clause. A clause usually contains only one finite verb form.

Non-finite verb forms

Unlike finite verb forms, non-finite verb forms do not express the categories person and number.

Example of a non-finite verb form:

gehen   "Mood“ infinitive
Tense present
Voice active

German has three types of non-finite verb forms:

Copyright © 2000-2019 Informatique-MTF SA (IMTF), Route du Bleuet 1, 1762 Givisiez, Switzerland. All rights reserved.
Related terms dictionary: Copyright © 1996, 1997, 2011 by University of Tübingen.
Terms of use/Data protection | Contact
canoonet fürs iPhone
canoonet - FindIT Die semantische Suche für Unternehmen