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Absolute and relative verbs

 
 
According to their ability to form a complete sentence with no complement other than the subject, verbs are categorized into absolute verbs and relative verbs.

Absolute verbs need no complement other than the subject to form a complete sentence.
Relative verbs need a subject and one ore more additional complements to form a complete sentence.


Absolute verbs

Absolute verbs are verbs that need no complement other than the subject to form a complete sentence:

Examples
Es regnet.
Die Sonne scheint.
Der Mann schlief.
Ich arbeite.
Die Tulpen blühen.  


Relative verbs

Relative verbs are verbs that need a subject and one ore more additional complements to form a complete sentence:

Examples Complements
Er beantwortet deine Frage.   accusative object
Sie ähnelt ihrer Mutter. dative object
Ich bedarf deiner Hilfe. genitive object
Wir warten auf den Bus. prepositional object
Die Sitzung dauert lange. adverbial
Sie schenkte ihm einen Ring dative object + accusative object 







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