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The verb

 
 
Words like the following are called verbs:

arbeiten, schreiben, essen, regnen, sein, bleiben, wissen, einschlafen, hinaufsteigen, abtrocknen, fabrizieren

Verbs denote actions, processes and states.

The main function of verbs is to form the predicate of a sentence. The predicate is the central constituent of a sentence that governs the other constituents of the sentence. A predicate always consists of at least one finite verb form (= verb form having a specific person and number):

Ich gehe nach Hause.
Wir
haben lange an diesem Projekt gearbeitet.
Das Geschirr
wurde nicht abgetrocknet.

Verbs can be inflected (conjugated). The inflected wordforms of a verb express the categories person, number, mood, tense and active/passive.

Verbs are described under the following topics:

Morphology:
Form
Inflection How are the wordforms constructed?
Grammatical categories What are person, number, mood, tense and voice?
 
Semantics:
Meaning
Semantic classes Action, process or state?
Aspect Duration and completedness of the verb action?
 
Syntax:
Function 
Full verb, auxiliary, modal verb How is the predicate formed?
Verb and other constituents What constituents do verbs combine with?





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