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Noun to adjective: Pseudo-participles

 
 
Pseudo-participles have the same form as past participles, but the corresponding verbs do not exist. Pseudo-participles are derived directly from nouns:

Not: Witwe
 > 
*verwittwen
 > 
verwittwet
But:  Witwe
>
verwittwet

Pseudo-participles look like past participle because they are formed with affixes that are otherwise only used in the inflection or derivation of verbs.

Prefixes:    ge    be    ver   zer 
Suffix:  t

Examples:

be + Bart +  t  = bebartet
ge Harnisch geharnischt
ver Witwe verwitwet
zer Tal zertalt
All derivations

Features:
  • Umlaut:
    In a few cases, the stem is umlauted:
    ge + Blume +  t  = geblümt
    ver Blume verblümt
    ver Scham verschämt
  • e-insertion:
    When the noun stem ends in t or d, an e is inserted between the stem and the suffix:
    be + Dienst +  t  = bedienstet
    Hemd behemdet



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