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Verb to noun: Conversion of the verb stem

 
 
This kind of verb-to-noun conversion changes the present stem of a verb (= infinitive without en) to a noun. The nouns can be grouped according to their gender and inflection class:

Masculine and neuter nouns

Inflection class es/e
beweisen » Beweis Most masculine and neuter nouns formed by conversion of the verb stem belong to the inflection class es/e.
verstecken » Versteck
beitragen » Beitrag
einkaufen » Einkauf
All derivations




Inflection class s/-
schwindeln » Schwindel
Verb stems ending in el or er (unstressed) are converted to nouns belonging to the inflection class s/-.
sprudeln » Sprudel
glimmern » Glimmer
schaudern » schauder
All derivations




Inflection class s/s
stauen » Stau
Some masculine and neuter nouns, especially nouns converted from English verbs, belong to the inflection class s/s.
stoppen » Stopp
chatten » Chat
printen » Print
All dervations




Inflection class es/en
bauen » Bau Nouns that are converted from bauen and its verbal derivatives belong to the inflection class es/en (in the plural a t is inserted between the stem and the suffix: Bau–Bauten).
aufbauen » Aufbau
einbauen » Einbau
All derivations

Features
  • "De-umlauting":
    In the stems of verbs like hängen, strömen, schlüpfen, stürzen, trügen the umlaut is replaced with the corresponding non-umlaut vowel:
    überhängen » Überhang
    einströmen » Einstrom
    abstürzen » Absturz
    betrügen » Betrug

Feminine nouns

Inflection class -/en
schauen » Schau All feminine nouns formed by conversion of the verb stem belong to the inflection class -/en.
klingeln » Klingel
mitarbeiten » Mitarbeit
auswählen » Auswahl
All derivations

Features
  • "De-umlauting":
    In the stem of verbs like führen, züchten, wählen the umlaut is replaced with the corresponding non-umlaut vowel:
    züchten » Zucht
    einführen » Einfuhr
    auswählen » Auswahl
  • fahr -> Fahrt:
    A t is added at the end of the stem of fahren and its verbal derivatives:
    fahren » Fahrt
    abfahren » Abfahrt
    durchfahren » Durchfahrt



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