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Neoclassical wordformation: Linking elements and i

The linking elements o and i are used in both neoclassical noun formation and neoclassical adjective formation:

gramm +  o  + phon = Grammophon
hydr phob = hydrophob
herb +
+ zid = Herbizid
tox gen = toxigen

These linking elements are of Latin (-i-) and ancient Greek (-o-) origine. In German, the linking element o is much more frequent than i.

Some neoclassical compounds do not contain a linking element. The absence of a linking element is often due to the fact that o and i can be deleted before a vowel.

iater = Psychiater
onym = homonym

o and i occur in: Neoclassical noun formation, Compounding
Neoclassical noun formation, Compounding and suffixation
Neoclassical adjective formation, Compounding

Note: The Wordformation Dictionary usually proposes an analysis with a linking element, even when, etymologically, o or i can be analysed as being part of the first element of the compound word. Example: mikr+o+skop instead of mikro+skop.

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